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A Round Robin exercise was implemented by ESA to compare different classification methods in detecting clouds from images taken by the PROBA-V sensor. A high-quality dataset of 1350 reflectances and Clear/Cloudy corresponding labels had been prepared by ESA in the framework of the exercise. Motivated by both the experience acquired by one of the authors in this exercise and the availability of such a reliable annotated dataset, we present a full assessment of the methodology proposed therein. Our objective is also to investigate specific issues related to cloud detection when remotely sensed images comprise only a few spectral bands in the visible and near-infrared. For this purpose, we consider a bunch of well-known classification methods. First, we demonstrate the feasibility of using a training dataset semi-automatically obtained from other accurate algorithms. In addition, we investigate the effect of ancillary information, eg, surface type or climate, on accuracy. Then we compare the different classification methods using the same training dataset under different configurations. We also perform a consensus analysis aimed at estimating the degree of mutual agreement among classification methods in detecting Clear or Cloudy sky conditions. View Full-Text
Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Publication date: 
1 Jan 2020

Umberto Amato, Anestis Antoniadis, Maria Francesca Carfora

Biblio References: 
Volume: 20 Issue: 7 Pages: 2090