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Different spectroscopic techniques have been applied to fluorine doped ZnO powders prepared through hydrothermal synthesis, to discern the effective capability of F atoms to improve ZnO conductivity. From XRD analysis, no lattice distortion was observed up to F doping at 5 at. % concentration. Photoluminescence measurements and electron paramagnetic resonance data show that F atoms tend to occupy oxygen vacancies, inducing the onset of luminescence centers. The resulting doping effect consists into the increment of localized charge, as also proved via THz spectroscopy, where the Drude–Smith model has been applied to extract quantitative information on the electrodynamic parameters of ZnO:F samples. Results show that F doping does not produce any substantial change of plasma frequency but only the enhancement of scattering rate due to an increase of grain boundary density. Our measurements …
American Chemical Society
Publication date: 
12 Jul 2017

Gian Paolo Papari, Brigida Silvestri, Giuseppe Vitiello, Luca De Stefano, Ilaria Rea, Giuseppina Luciani, Antonio Aronne, Antonello Andreone

Biblio References: 
Volume: 121 Issue: 29 Pages: 16012-16020
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C